CONTENTS, AUTHORS, ABSTRACTS
V. Tepkeev “No Truth or Loyalty from Him, the Crimean Khan”: Raids of the
Kalmyks’ Detachments to the Crimea during the Russian-Polish War of 1654 – 1667
Vladimir T. Tepkeev – Candidate of History, Senior Staff Scientist, Department of History, Archaeology and Ethnology, Kalmyk Institute for Humanitarian Studies of Russian Academy of Sciences
Based on archival documents the article is the first study of the obscure page in the history of the Kalmyk people during the period of the emergence of its statehood: the Kalmyks’ participation in the Russian-Polish war of 1654–1667. The main attention is paid to the conclusion of agreements between the Kalmyk rulers and the Russian government in 1655, 1657 and 1661 due to which the Kalmyk cavalry actively got engaged in fighting against the Crimean Khanate. It is concluded that the Kalmyk cavalry raids to the Crimea weakened the Crimean Khanate’s combat activities in Ukraine, thus alleviating the situation of the Russian-Ukrainian armies.
Muscovy, XVII century, Russian-Polish War of 1654 – 1667, Crimean Khanate, Kalmyk Khanate, Kalmyks, Crimean Tatars, Nogais
S. Tokareva The Policemen and the Supervised: Russian Legislation and Police
Surveillance Activities in the Kursk Region (late XIX – early XX centuries)
Svetlana N. Tokareva – Candidate of History, Lecturer, Depertment of Theory and History of State and Law, Kursk State University
The article based on legal and archival documents studies the police
surveillance activities as an instrument of control of Russia’s state over the society in late XIX early XX centuries. It focuses on the practical enforcement of the Empire’s laws in the Kursk Province, one of European Russia’s regions receiving exiled convicts to be supervised. The supervision mechanism is exemplified by some life-stories of Russian citizens under police surveillance, with its weaknesses and gaps in legislation being revealed. The author arrives at the conclusion that the wide network of police surveillance in the Russian Empire was used for the purpose of preventing political crimes rather than for punitive purposes.
Russian Empire, legislation, Ministry of Internal Affairs (MVD), Police Department of Ministry of Internal Affairs (MVD), Kursk Province, general police, secret political police, police surveillance, policemen, supervised
S. Sivtseva “Now Has Come a Hard Time Unheard of for Centuries On End”:
The Demographic Consequences of Collectivization and the Great
Patriotic War in the Yakut Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (1928 – 1945)
Saassylana I. Sivtseva – Candidate of History, Lecturer, Department of Culturology, North-Eastern Federal University named after M.K. Ammosov
The archive-based article researches the social and economic conditions of rural population and demographic situation in Yakutia on the eve of and during the Great Patriotic War (World War II). The author highlights the mass collectivization with its results and resettlement (poselkovanie) connected with it. The article covers demographic consequences for Yakuts caused by the collectivization, resettlement and the war. It is concluded that the social, economic and demographic consequences were aggravated by severe climate conditions in the North which resulted in high mortality among rural population in Yakutia.
Yakutia, Great Patriotic War (World War II), collectivization, resettlement (poselkovanie), rural population, demography, starvation, mortality
M. Chernichenko “Speculation Goes On a Bacchanalian Spree”: The Portrayal
of Speculation and Speculator in the Periodical Press of the “White” South of Russia (1919)
Marina Yu. Chernichenko – Director, Museum of History of Medicine, First Moscow State Medical University named after I.M. Sechenov
The article analyses materials on economic issues published in major newspapers on the territory of Russia’s “White” South in 1919. The author focuses on the way in which speculation as an economic phenomenon and speculators were portrayed by journalists and economists in their publications. The created images are shown in their interaction with public sentiments. It is concluded that the authors of such articles about speculation aimed to stir up public discontent with speculators in general and directed it against vendors to divert the public attention from one of the main causes of speculation, the economic policies of A.I. Denikin’s government and of the Cossack Government of the Don Cossack Oblast.
Russian Civil War, White Movement, A.I. Denikin, A.I. Denikin’ government, Don Cossack Oblast, economic policy, commodity-money circulation, speculation, speculator, periodical press, economical journalism, journalistic image
Landmarks in Human History
A. Senin General S.A. Ronzhin and his Essay about Russian Railways in the
World War I
Alexander S. Senin – Doctor of History, Professor, Department of History of State and Public-Service Institutions of Institute for History and Archives of RSUH
The article covers the life of General C.A. Ronzhin (1869 – 1929) in connection with the history of Russian army and railway transport in Russia on the eve of and during World War I. Special attention is drawn to the level of development of railway transportation, railway management during the war, its role in transporting and supplying the army. The railway operation is viewed as one of the factors which had a considerable impact on the course and results of the war on the Eastern front. Also S.A. Ronzhin’s previously unpublished essay “Railways in the Wartime ( From the Last War Experience)” is discussed in the article and supplemented to it.
S.A. Ronzhin, World War I, Eastern Front of World War I, Russian army, railway transport, management of railways, military transportation, military supplies
A. Grishchenko Grigoriy Maslakov: From Brigade Commander of the 1-st
Cavalry Army to Rebel Commander
Aleksey N. Grishchenko – Candidate of History, Senior Lecturer, Department of History and Social Technologies, Novocherkassk State Melioration Academy
Based on archival documents the article covers the life (1877 – 1921) and military activities of General G.S. Maslakov, one of the commanders in the 1-st Cavalry Army during the Civil War, with special attention being paid to some debating points in his biography, to the question about the place and time of his death. The author analyses the causes of his conflict with S.M. Budyonny, the Commander of the 1-st Cavalry Army, his military rebellion and struggle against the Bolshevik power. The author draws the conclusion that G.S. Maslakov is a typical representative of the “demotic red commanders” cohort who emerged during the Civil War and rebelled against the Bolshevist “War Communism” policy.
G.S. Maslakov, Russian Civil war, Don Cossack Oblast, 1-st Cavalry Army, “War Communism”, peasant rebel movement, Soviet-Polish War of 1920, B.M. Dumenko, S.M. Budyonny
L. Dyomina, E. Evseeva Russian Emigre Historians in Prague: On Reseaching
their Life and Scientific Work
Lyudmila I. Dyomina – Candidate of History, Senior Lecturer, Department of Medieval and Early Modern History of Russia, Institute for History and Archives of RSUH
Elena N. Evseeva – Candidate of History, Senior Lecturer, Department of Regional History and Local History, Institute for History and Archives of RSUH
The article analyses M.V. Kovalev’s monograph “Russian Emigre Historians in Prague (1920 – 1940)” (Saratov, 2012) in the context of modern Russian historiography. It is noted that the monograph is based on as yet unknown archival documents as well as on a wide range of materials launched into scientific circulation by Czech historians. It is shown that the author of the book offers a deep analysis of a number of issues concerning the life and scientific works of Russian historians who lived in Prague before World War II. Both obvious merits and some weak points are discussed in the review. The conclusion goes that M.V. Kovalev has succeeded in consolidating the research experience accumulated recently on the Prague school of Russian emigre historians and indicated new direction of the research.
M.V. Kovalev, historiography, Russian emigration, Czechoslovakia, Prague, Russian historians, Russian higher education institutions, historical science, Prague school of Russian emigre historians