2013
35(1)

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CONTENTS, AUTHORS, ABSTRACTS

Articles

A. Bakhturina Better let Germans Come to Ruin than Let them Spy: German Colonists and Russian Public in the years of World War I

Alexandra Yu. Bakhturina Doctor of History, Professor, Department of History of State and Public-Service Institutions of Institute for History and Archives of RSUH
a-yu-b@yandex.ru

The article based on little known sources examines the gradual change in the attitude of Russian government, military command and general public towards the German colonists and their land ownership during the World War I. Main attention is paid to the deprivation of the German colonists of their lands that were then given to Galician refugees and army veterans. The response of the Russian population, liberals, nationalists, and the German diaspora representatives to the deportation of the Germans from the front-line area is also considered. A conclusion is made that the amotion policy and anti-German propaganda did not yield expected results. In particular, the hopes for the patriotic upsurge were not justified on the front and in the rear.

World War I, Russian Empire, Russian government, German colonists, land ownership, expropriation, Galician refugees, Russian liberals, Russian nationalists, nationalistic propaganda

M. Krotova From the History of Conflict on the Chinese Eastern Railway: Chinese Concentration Camp for the Soviet Citizens

Mariya V. Krotova Candidate of History, Senior Lecturer, Department of History and Political Science, St. Petersburg State University of Economics and Finance
mary_krot@mail.ru

This article, based on unknown archival documents, looks at the history of concentration camp near Harbin (Manchuria) for the Soviet citizens who were arrested during the Soviet-Chinese conflict on the Chinese Eastern Railway (CER) in 1929. The main focus is on the content and number of prisoners and conditions of their detention. Also the article tells about the role of the concentration camp in diplomatic confrontation between the governments of the USSR and China. It concludes that the existence of this concentration camp was used by the USSR for pressure on the Chinese government of Guomindang in its fight for the restoration of its part of sovereignty over the Chinese Eastern Railway. However, the real conditions of Soviet prisoners were not so hard as it was presented by Soviet authorities and Soviet propaganda.

Soviet-Chinese conflict 1929, Chinese Eastern Railway (CER), Manchuria, Harbin, concentration camp, prisoners, Soviet citizens, Russian emigration, Chinese government of Guomindang, propaganda

E. Pivovar, A. Bezborodov, S. KarpenkoT.I. Khorkhordina and New Historical Archival Science

Efim I. Pivovar Doctor of History, Professor, Corresponding Member of Russian Academy of Sciences , Rector of RSUH
rggu@rggu.ru
Alexander B. Bezborodov Doctor of History, Professor, Director of Institute for History and Archives of RSUH
kirnv@mail.ru
Sergey V. Karpenko Candidate of History, Senior Lecturer, Department of Contemporary History of Russia, Institute for History and Archives of RSUH
skarpenk@mail.ru

The article analyzes the scientific work of T.I. Khorkhordina, a specialist on the history of archives, one of the leading scholars of the Institute for History and Archives of the Russian State University for the Humanities (RSUH). The main attention is paid to theoretical reflections on the science of archives in modern conditions through analyzing the history of archival thought in connection with the fate of Russian historians-archivists of several generations. It also assesses the contribution of T.I. Khorkhordina in the national historical-archival science. It is concluded that the main vector in the scientific research of T.I. Khorkhordina consists in the disclosure of the humanity component in the science of archives, the restoration of the history of archival thought in its human dimension.

T.I. Khorkhordina, historical science, historiography, archival, Institute for History and Archives, Russian State University for the Humanities (RSUH), archival document, historian-archivist, archival thought

Anti-Bolshevik Russia

S. Ippolitov The Russian Red Cross Society in Siberia and the Russian Far East: Organization and Support of the Army and the Population (1919 1920)

Sergey S. Ippolitov Candidate of History, Director of the Publishing Center of the RSUH
nivestnik@yandex.ru

For the first time in the national historiography the article based on previously unknown documents considers the organization and activities of the Russian Red Cross Society (RRCS) in Siberia and the Russian Far East in 19191920. The main attention is paid to the system of RRCSs establishments and their financing, and its role under Admiral A.V. Kolchaks military dictatorship. The article also discusses the RRCSs participation in providing medical services for the army and its charity work in the rear. The conclusion is made that the Russian Red Cross Society became an important part of the state mechanism of the Kolchak dictatorship and helped the army and the population whenever it could afford it.

Russian Civil War, Siberia, Russian East, A.V. Kolchak, Kolchak dictatorship, public organization, Russian Red Cross Society (RRCS), military medicine, charity

 

Historical Science in the -Dimension

. Usachev Russian Historians and Foreign Journals: Some Reflections of a Specialist in Russian History

Andrey S. Usachev Doctor of History, Professor, Department of History and Theory of Historical Science, Institute for History and Archives of RSUH
asuuas@mail.ru

The article analyzes the issue of estimating the research of Russian specialists in Russian history by means of international citing indexes. The author considers the structure of historical scientific journals indexed by Web of Science, the specifics of researches on national problems and selecting editorial boards and authors for foreign historical journals as well as thematic requests from their readers. The conclusion is made about the unsuitability of quality estimation of Russian historians researches on Russian history by means of mere calculation of their publications in foreign journals.

Bibliographic database, citing index, Web of Science, scientometrics, historical science, Slavic Studies, science journal, publication activity

History on the Screen

E. VolkovKolchakovshchina in the Soviet fiction movie

Evgeny V. Volkov Doctor of History, Professor, Department of Russian History, South Ural State University (Chelyabinsk)
evgeny-volkov@mail.ru

The article based on archival and published sources analyzes the cinematographic images of the White Movement on the Eastern Front during the Russian Civil War created in Soviet fiction movies. It focuses on the evolution of cinematographic images of Admiral A.V. Kolchak, his power and his troops, as well as famous white generals through different stages of the development of Soviet society and Soviet culture. It is concluded that the cinematographic images of the White Movement in the East of Russia were significantly influenced by the Communist Party and the Soviet Government as well as the societys cultural memory.

Russian Civil War, White Movement, A.V. Kolchak, Kolchak dictatorship (Kolchakovshchina), soviet historical movie, cinematographic image, film Chapaev, culture, cultural memory

Book Reviews

S. Karpenko Book Review: Gagkuev R.G. The White Movement in South Russia: Military Construction, Sources of Recruitment, Social Composition, 1917 1920. oscow, 2012.

Sergey V. Karpenko Candidate of History, Senior Lecturer, Department of Contemporary History of Russia, Institute for History and Archives of RSUH
skarpenk@mail.ru

T. Arkhipova From the History of Study of the Soviet State Apparatus in the 1920s

Tatyana G. Arkhipova Doctor of History, Professor, Head of Department of History of State and Public-Service Institutions of Institute for History and Archives of RSUH
archipova-iai@mail.ru

The article analyzes the monograph Local state institutions of Soviet Russia, 1917 1929 (On the materials of the Lower Volga region) (Volgograd, 2011) by E.V. Bulyulina in the context of the Russian historiography of the Soviet state apparatus of the 1920s . It is noted that the monograph is based on previously unknown documents from Federal and regional archives. It is shown that the author of the monograph has conducted a detailed analysis of the most complicated problems of construction and activity of local government institutions in three provinces of the Lower Volga region in the 1920s. The conclusion is made that the monograph is written at a high scientific level and makes a significant contribution to the study of Russian statehood.

E.V. Bulyulina, historiography, Russian statehood, Soviet Russia, Soviet power, state apparatus, local government institutions, Astrakhan province, Saratov province, Tsaritsyn province, Lower Volga region

A. Kilichenkov How They Fought and How They Won: Non-Jubilee Historiographic Notes

Aleksey A. Kilichenkov Doctor of History, Professor, Department of Contemporary History of Russia, Institute for History and Archives of RSUH
kilichenkov@yandex.ru

In the context of the contemporary Russian historiography of the World War II the article analyses the memoirs by P.A. Mikhin Gunners, Stalin gives the order!: We died to win (Moscow, 2006). The analysis of the memoirs is correlated with the dominant trends of jubileezation and commercialization in historiography of the World War II. It is shown that the memories are highly informative, contain a deep analysis of the war events and the experience of interaction between the Red Army artillery and infantry on the battlefield. Of particular value is a frank description of the front everyday life of the ordinary Red Army officer. The conclusion is that the memoirs provide a more complete and accurate picture of the war, than that in the majority of books by modern professional historians.

P.A. Mikhin, memoirs, historical source, historiography, World War II, Red Army, artillery, officer, personal history

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