CONTENTS, AUTHORS, SUMMARIES
E. Pchelov Russian tsars and Russian Buddhism
Evgeny V. Pchelov – candidate of History, senior lecturer of Department of Source Studies of RSUH
The article analyses relationship of Russian Buddhism to Russian Tsar who personified higher power of Russia. Author retraced relations between Buddhism and power of Tsar to its commencement for example Kalmyk and Buryat Buddhism. The work described symbolical as well as practical aspects of these relations.
Buddhism, Tsar, symbolism, religious politics, Kalmyk, Buryat
T. Skrynnikova Functions of the clan among the Buryats (the end XIX–XX c.)
Tatiana D. Skrynnikova – doctor of History, professor, principal researcher of the Department of philosophy, cultural and religious studies of the Institute of Mongolian, Buddhist and Tibetan Studies of the Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences
When the term obog is used, one can see two coexisting tendencies. On the one hand, this term marks the blood-related ties and thus can designate a clan as a broadened group of blood relatives consisting of several urugs (lineages) of several generations. The process of clans’ mixture led to formation of communities that received a name of territorial-administrative or simply administrative clans that had the name of the clan, which was the core of the given community. This was the second tendency that nevertheless did not eliminate the importance of consanguinity in the social life. The genealogical principle was still topical and coexisted with heterogeneous structure of a society. It legitimized the ritual and everyday life of the people and thus fulfilled the functions of social-regulative mechanism.
Obog, clan, blood-related ties, administrative clan
V. Borisov Self-government in peasant’s communities over the Urals:
replacement of elective offices
Victor E. Borisov – postgraduate, chair of Russian Medieval and Early Modern History, Institute for History and Archives of the RSUH
The article analyses the documents about peasant’s community office elections in Verkhoturskii uezd, 1638–1647, 1659–1672. The author cites some evidence which makes clearer the practice of electing in accordance with «ochered’» (queue). The preponderance of prosperous peasants among the elected is proved on the basis of various registers. The results of the study are compared with those of researches covering the practice of election in Central Russia, 1690–1723.
Peasant’s community, community self-government, Western Siberia
S. Dzhundzhuzov The land allotment and land use of the Cossacks of
the Stavropol Kalmyk army
Stepan V. Dzhundzhuzov – candidate of History, senior lecturer of Modern Russian History Department of Orenburg State Pedagogical University
The article discuses the system of land allotment to the christened Stavropol Kalmyks in the middle of XVIIIth century. The paper also reveals the reasons of subsequent re-allotment of land and retraces the ways the Kalmyks made household use of the alloted lands. The inconsequent activity of the authorities to force Kalmyks to cultivate and work land did not give any positive results. They started leasing the major part of the troops’ lands to the neighboring peasants. The ineffective use of the lands resulted in the working out of the projects of their partial confiscation. As an outcome, Stavropol Kalmyk troops were dissolved and Kalmyks moved to the large Cossak villages (“stanitsah”) of the Orenburg Cossack troops.
Land allotment, land use, Stavropol Kalmyk army, Kalmyks, lease, household
V. Maksakov National Military Units in the troops of A.V. Kolchak
Vladimir V. Maksakov – postgraduate of the department of world policy and international relations êàôåäðû ìèðîâîé ïîëèòèêè è ìåæäóíàðîäíûõ îòíîøåíèé of RSUH
The article covers the problem of national military formations of the Buryats, the Songolo-Sartuls (the Tsongols), the Kazaho-Kirghizs and the Mongols in the army of A.V. Kolchak in 1919. The paper also describes the creation of these formation and their participation in the military operations. The process of “revolutionization” of the Cossacks of Siberia has been investigated separately. The article is based on the rare material, on published and, partially, archival sources with use of the data of a comparative-historical method. The work advances a new idea about the role and the place of national formations in the Civil War in Russia, especially in connection with the ethnic issue.
A. Kolchak, Siberia, Civil War, White Movement, army, nationality
E. Badmaeva Famine in the Lower Volga region in 1921 and 1933
Ekaterina N. Badmaeva – candidate of History, Deputy Director of the Kalmyk Institute for Humanities of Russian Academy of Sciences
This paper identified and discussed the causes and socio-economic consequences of starvation in 1921 and 1933 in the Lower Volga region. It is shown that the Famine disaster of 1921 was officially recognized, in contrast to the Famine of 1933.
Famine, the Lower Volga region, food allocation, drought, collectivization, grain procurements, repressions, peasants
V. Klyaus “Russian” village on the map of ethno-tourist itinerary in
Vladimir L. Klyaus – doctor of History, head of IT and Media System Department of the Institute of World Literature of Russian Academy of Sciences
The article is devoted to the revival and transformation of Russian traditional culture in one of the settlements in Hulunbuir aimak of the Autonomous Region of Interior Mongolia, China, inhabited by the descendants of the Russian-Chinese marriages of the 1920–1950s. The restoration of the identity of the half-bloods, their renewed interest in the Russian culture go side by side and influenced by the active development of ethno-tourism in the region. The research is based on the author’s field materials collected in 2007 and 2009.
China, Russians in China, Russian traditional culture, revival and transformation of traditional culture, ethno-tourism
T. Anikeeva Literature and Folklore of the ancient Turks of Central Asia
Tatiana A. Anikeeva – candidate of Philology, research fellow of the Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences
The problem of the relation between the oral and the literary tradition is the most important in the history of the Turkish literatures. The oral tradition elements resembling the inherent stylistic devices for the epics of the Turkic people of the Central Asia and Siberia can be found in the ancient Turkish inscriptions. Though the question concerning the folk elements in the texts of those runic inscriptions is still unsettled, one can observe a definite succession of a number of literary forms in the latter Turkish literatures and folklore (particularly in the epic of the Oghuz Turks).
Ancient Turks, oral tradition, Islam, epic
J. Habeck Research activities with a focus on Siberia by Max Planck Institute
for Social Anthropology (1999–2008)
Joachim O. Habeck – PhD in History, Coordinator of the Siberian Studies Centre, Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology
This contribution summarises 10 years of research activities with a focus on Siberia by the Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology. The first team of researchers investigated property and particular practices of land use in the North. Subsequent teams expanded the thematic profile, studying the perception of the environment and orientation in space; discourses about the environment and land use; generational and gender relations; ethnicity as a dimension of identity; conversion and the interaction of different forms of spirituality; the current situation of the House of Culture in Siberian small-towns; and the changing conditions and limitations of lifestyle plurality in Siberia.
Far North, Siberia, Far East of Russia, social anthropology, ethnography, international scientific cooperation
I.Mikheyeva History of creation of the Tibetan collection at the
Institute of Oriental Manuscripts of Russian Academy of Sciences
Irina E. Mikheyeva – 5th year student of the RSUH, Institute for History and Archives, Department of Archival Studies
The article deals with the history of the Tibetan fund at the Institute of Oriental Manuscripts of the Russian Academy of Sciences. The author reveals the specific features of the acquisition and storage of the manuscripts and xylographs of the collection and describes the way the basic record groups of the sources was formed. The article examines the methods of scientific description and the principles of source arrangement and filing. The historical data serve the basis for the determination of the period of the manuscript and xylograph collection acquisition. The paper also presents a detailed description of the structure of the Tibetan manuscript collection. The article provides information on the outstanding Orient researchers who – at a certain time – worked on the description and investigation of the Tibetan manuscripts. Great attention in the paper is paid to the problem of preservation and safety of the Buddhist archives.
Tibetan collection, manuscripts, storage of manuscripts, Buddhist archives
B. Shagdarova Broadcasting in Buryatia during the Great Patriotic War
Bayarma B. Shagdarova – candidate of History, the senior lecturer of Department of Social Technology of East Siberian State Technological University (Ulan-Ude)
The years of the Great Patriotic War became the time of active formation and development of broadcasting in the country. It was broadcasting that played a great part in providing firsthand information to the public and in mobilizing the people in their flight with enemy. The change of the radio structure in Buryatia had been completed by the beginning of 1942.
Buryatia, All-union radio, Soviet Information Bureau, radio communique, Buryat Committee of Radio Installation and Broadcasting
V. Bobrova From the history of Novosibirsk State Regional Archive: under
governance of NKVD–MVD of the USSR (1939–1960)
Viktoria S. Bobrova – candidate of History, senior lecturer of Omsk Academy for Humanities
The paper introduce for scientific use the original sources connected with the history of the development of regional archives in Siberia when archives administration was under the jurisdiction to the USSR People’s Commissariat for Internal Affairs (NKVD) and the Ministry of Internal Affairs (MVD). Most of the focus is on the organization of departmental storage of archival materials. 16 documents from the fond of the Novosibirsk State Regional Archives, characterizing the activities of the archive department of Novosibirsk regional NKVD–MVD Administration in the sphere of departmental archives management, are presented. The article touches upon the matters, related to the fulfilment of the tasks archives administration. The paper also discusses the dynamics of the archives administration development in the region in 1939–1960.
Archives administration, archival documents, archival department of the NKVD–MVD Administration, departmental archive
K. Orlova “Those, who remember Past, become Masters of the Future”
Keemya V. Orlova – doctor of History, professor of Centre for the Researches of the Culture of Siberia of the RSUH
The article analyses the monographic study of Tatiana Ilarionova (doctor of Philosophy) “Germans in the Civil Service in Russia: History of Issue Following the example of the Far East Development” (Moscow, 2009). On the basis of a wide range of Russian and foreign sources, using Germans as an example, the monographic study portrays the history of foreigners as civil servants of Russian empire and their contribution to the Far East development.
Germans, civil service, foreigners, Far East of Russia, citizenship