E. Smirnova Pharmaceutical activities in the Yaroslavl province (XVIII the middle of XIX cc.)

Elena M. Smirnova candidate of History, senior lecturer of the Department of History and Philosophy of Yaroslavl State Medical Academy

The article deals with problems of pharmaceutical activities in Russian province in the period from the beginning of the XVIII c. until the land reform in 1864, the Yaroslavl province is taken as a model. On the basis of archival documents the author investigates foundation and functioning of free pharmacies, organization of state control over them and state regulation of their work, provision of medicine for hospitals and pharmacological support to the population.

The Yaroslavl province, Medical Office, Medical College, pharmacy, Chemists Statute, pharmacist

N. Drygina Astrakhan officials: the salary and a financial position (2nd half of XIX the beginning of XX cc.)

Natalia N. Drygina the senior lecturer of Chair of the theory of history of the state and the right of the Astrakhan state university

On an example of the Astrakhan province in article the financial position of provincial officials in the end of I beginning of cc. is analyzed effectiveness of measures of the Ministry of Internal Affairs on material stimulation of officials Reveals. The difference in the sizes of monetary salaries of the officials having one class rank and occupying different posts is traced.

Astrakhan province, Ministry of Internal Affairs, bureaucracy, official, salary, rank, the capital of invalids

K. Aleksandrov Prague Uprising on May 58, 1945: armed fighting and politics

Kirill M. Aleksandrov candidate of History, senior staff scientist of the Encyclopedia Department of Philological Institute of Saint-Petersburg State University

The article deals with unknown pages of history of Prague Uprising on May 58, 1945 on the basis of unique archival documents and results of Czech and German historians recent research. A special attention is paying to the activity of Czech armed underground and German military commandant's office before and during the uprising, to the role of the 1-st Infantry division of the Armed Forces of the Committee for the Liberation of the Russian Peoples and of its command in Prague developments, to the battle actions and casualties of the parties.

World War II, Prague, Prague Uprising, Committee for the Liberation of the Russian Peoples, 1-st Infantry division, A. Vlasov, S. Bunyachenko


E. Arhipova Old Believers merchants and bureaucrats: from the history of bureaucracy and bribery in the reign of Nicholas I

Ekaterina A. Arhipova lecturer of Department for History and theory of historical science of Institute for History and Archives of RSUH

The article deals with the relationship between Old Believers merchants and officialdom in the age of Nicholas I. The author shows how the results of investigations of Raskol, which were carried out by the Ministry of the Interior, had influenced the state policy in relation to Old Believers merchants in the 1850s. The article is focused on how the Old elievers defended themselves against the state pressure.

Ministry of the Interior, officialdom, bureaucracy, merchant class, Old Believers, bribery

The Anti-Bolshevik Russia

N.Antonenko Program elaboration of cadets in emigration

Natalia V. Antonenko candidate of History, the senior lecturer, head of State and Municipal management department of the Michurinsk State Agrarian University

Major aspect of activity of cadet party in emigration is considered in the article: working out by its various groups of program installations in the field of the state reorganization of Russia. Flexibility of the liberal cadet doctrine, ability of its authors to change of the sights and change of its major positions depending on political realities is shown.

Anti-Bolshevik emigration, cadet party, ideology, program, state system

Landmarks in Human History

S. Karpenko Mikhail Khrushchov, Stepan Sheshkovskii, and transfiguration of the Secret chancellery into the Secret office

Sergei V. Karpenko candidate of History, senior lecturer of the Department of Contemporary history of Russia of Institute for History and Archives of RSUH

Basing on the wide pool of archive and published documents the article considers the story of reform of secret police of Russia in 1762 cancel the Secret chancellery and foundation the Secret office. The article contains many details and describes the real causes of that reform, her aim and the results. The author pays much attention to activity of the leaders of political police M. Khrushchov and S. Sheshkovskii.

Peter the Third, Catherine the Second, M. Khrushchov, S. Sheshkovskii, Secret chancellery, Secret office, secret political police, reform

Recollecting the Twentieth Century

G. Ioffe How I was a cosmopolite without Fatherland

Genrikh Z. Ioffe doctor of History, the associate editor of Novyi Zhurnal (New York)

The memoirs of well known historian about his study on the History department of Moscow State Pedagogical Institute in end of 1940s and the public campaign against cosmopolites inside of the Institute, the author was blamed as a leader of one such group.

G. Ioffe, Moscow State Pedagogical Institute, history science, Stalinism, cosmopolites, ideological campaign

Book Reviews

M. Grishunkina Searching for Kerensky

Marina G. Grishunkina candidate of History, director of the College for the Humanities of RGGU

The author in the context of contemporary theory and practice of biography science analyses the new book of well known historian V.P. Fediuk Kerensky (Moscow, 2009), paying much attention to the problems of biography, used sources, the authors approach and characteristics as an example of modern literature about historical persons.

A. Kerensky, February revolution in Russia, Provisional Government, L. Kornilov, V. Lenin, emigration, memoirs, biography

M. Grishunkina The New publication of documents on History of antibolshevik military emigration

Marina G. Grishunkina candidate of History, director of the College for the Humanities of RGGU

The review in the contents of historical sources of Russian emigration examines the fifth volume collection of documents and materials Russian military emigration of 1920-40s (vol. 5. Split, 18241925. M., 2010). Most of the documents, which were included in the reviewed volume, are been provided by the central archives of the FSB and the SVR of Russia and published for the first time. They reveal the nature of the confrontation between the Soviet secret police with the relevant military and political structures of the first wave of emigration in 19241925.

Russian military emigration, Russian General Military Union, intelligence, counterintelligence, monarchists, repatriation

M. Meier The Way to the top of Dictatorship: upstairs goes down

Maksim M. Meier candidate of sociology, senior lecturer of the Department of post soviet foreign countries of RGGU

In the context of contemporary period of searching of Stalinism the author is analyzing O.V. Khlevniuks new book The Master: Stalin and the creation of Stalins dictatorship (Moscow, 2010). Some advantages of that book are stressed and the wide sources base including the archival documents, the correct and objective analyses of economic, social and politic causes of creation of Stalins dictatorship and the Purge among them.

O. Khlevniuk, historiography, I. Stalin, Stalinism, NKVD of the USSR, Purge

I. Zimin Book Review: Eregina N.T. Higher medical school of Russia, 19171953. Yaroslavl, 2010.

Igor V. Zimin doctor of History, professor, the head of Department of Russian history of Saint-Petersburg State Medical University

M. Meier The Soviet Navy and geopolitics: from the historiography of the Soviet past

Maksim M. Meier candidate of sociology, senior lecturer of the Department of post soviet foreign countries of RGGU

Through the context of contemporary historiography the article examines the monograph of A.A. Kilichenkov Cold War on the high seas: foreign historiography of the Soviet Navy, 19451991 (Moscow, 2009). The author stresses the scientific and political actuality of that book, the wide analyses of the interpretation of American and British historians searching the Soviet naval activity in period of Cold War.

A. Kilichenkov, historiography, Cold War, Soviet Navy, diplomacy of aircraftcarrier

A. Gorobiy New Issues about the Role of the Soviet Diplomacy in the Unification of Germany

Alexey V. Gorobiy postgraduate full-time student of the Department of Historiography and Source studies of the Tver State University

The article deals with a new book of the professor of the Mainz University (Germany) A. Rodder Germany, the United Fatherland. History of Reunification (Munich, 2009). The book is assessed regarding the ongoing examination of the role of the Soviet diplomacy in the German unification. In the opinion of the German historian, it was the policy of the USSR leaders, which made the unification possible. He presents a range of new facts to the readers and pushes the personality of M. Gorbachev to the foreground trying to comprehend his decisions and their motives.

USSR, Germany, unification, M. Gorbachev, diplomacy


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