2010
24(2)

EDITORIAL BOARD
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CONTENTS, AUTHORS, SUMMARIES

Articles

. Bendin (Belarus) The Freedom of worship or toleration? Polemic in the Russian press (the beginning of XX c.) 

Alexander Ju. Bendin – candidate of History, senior lecturer of the Institute of Theology of the Belarus State University (Minsk)
bendin26256@yandex.ru

The author examines features of the device of the Russian legal institute of toleration. The polemic which has flashed in a seal concerning an excommunication of L. Tolstoy from Church and statements by M. Stakhovich is analyzed. Basic divergences which existed between liberal and church-conservative approaches to the decision of problems of religious freedom in Russian empire are shown.

L. Tolstoy, M. Stakhovich, K. Pobedonostsev, S. Sharapov, toleration, freedom of worship, Russian Orthodox Church

I. Vorontsova L.D. Trotsky and the idea of creation of “Soviet reform church” (1921–1923)

Irina V. Vorontsova – candidate of History, andidate of Theology, researcher of Scientific Publications Division ROC Modern History of the Orthodox St. Tikhon Humanitarian University
irinavoronc@yandex.ru

This article discusses the contradictions within the Bolshevik leadership emerged in the development of their policy towards the Russian Orthodox Church in the early 1920's. Original hypothesis is put forward: L. Trotsky in the struggle against the ROC expected to use the “new religious consciousness”, arm by the “religious-reformist ideas” the representatives of “smenovehovsky clergy” to exacerbate the split in the ROC and send the “renovationism” to create a “reformist Soviet Church”.

L. Trotsky, Russian Orthodox Church, “new religious consciousness”, “smenovehovsky clergy”, “renovationism”

A. Kostrov  Company witch deals with matters concerning closes of churches old believers in Zabaikalie (1930's)

Alexander V. Kostrov – candidate of History, senior lecturer of the Department of Contemporary Russian history of Irkutsk state university
a_kostrov@mail.ru

An article elucidates the process of closing old believers cult places in Zabaikalie in 1930's basing on unknown archival documents. It shows principal methods which government used for liquidation of old believers houses for prays. It is considered also problems old believers trying to save their churches and meeting houses in inviolability. Fist of all such problems are tax and administrative pressure and also disaccustoming of young generations from religion.

Zabaikalie, Old Believers, Old Believers’ communities, churches, houses for pray, antireligious policy

B. Tsyretarova Provision of food for the public of  Buryatia in 1941–1945: card system and public food conrumption

Bayarma B. Tsyretarova – candidate of History, senior lecturer of the Department of Humanitarian Science and Socio-Economic disciplines of the Ulan-Ude branch of the RSUH
bayarma7a@rambler.ru 

In this article the main methods of provision of food for the public of Buryatia during the Great Patriotic War are examined on the basis of the archival documents – introduction to the card system and the expansion of  network of the public food consumption. The author analyses the factors which reduced efficiency of the card system and network of the public food  consumption that provided starving existence among the main part of population of Buryatia.

The Great Patriotic War, Buryat-Mongolian Republic in the ASSR, provision of food for the  public, card system, the public food consumption, economic criminality

Comments

A. Chepel “He tried to bypass the gate across the forest”: Swedish-Russian frontier territory after the Stolbov peace treaty of 1617

Alexander I. Chepel – post-graduate of the Department of World History of Russian State Pedagogical University of A.I. Herzen (S.-Petersburg)
achepel@mail.ru

On the basis of documents of Russian archives describes the interaction of population of the Swedish-Russian frontier territories formed by the Stolbov peace treaty of 1617. Analyzed the causes of illusive of the new border and becoming the frontier territories into a zone of active illegal contacts of the subjects of the neighbor countries. Reveals the contradictory policy of the Swedish and Russian authorities and impact of their policy decisions on the situation in the frontier territories.

Stolbov peace treaty, Sweden-Russian frontier territories, Ingermanland, Kexholm, defectors, Orthodoxy. the trade in frontier territories, espionage

V. Mitrofanov S. Platonov’s Cooperation with Russians Historical Journals

Viktor V. Mitrofanov – candidate of History, senior lecturer of the Humanities and Natural Science department of Western Siberia Institute of Finance and Law (Nizhnevartovsk of Tumen distr.)
viktor-n1962@mail.ru

The article is based on S. Platonov’s private correspondence and presents an entirely new analysis of diverse contact of the outstanding historian with Russian historical reviews. The focus is put on his work as a subeditor of TheMinistry of National Education Review, the publication of his scientific articles and reviews of new books in academic journals and popular science editions as well as opinion articles on historical reviews.

S. Platonov, Ministry of National Education, “The Ministry of National Education Review”, historical review, editor   

Landmarks in Human History

S. Karpenko Mikhail Khrushchov, Stepan Sheshkovskii, and  “transfiguration” of the Secret chancellery into the Secret office

Sergei V. Karpenko – candidate of History, senior lecturer of the Department of Contemporary history of Russia of Institute for History and Archives of RSUH
skarpenk@mail.ru

Basing on the wide pool of archive and published documents the considers the story of reform of secret political police of Russia in 1762 – cancel the Secret chancellery and foundation the Secret office. The article contains many details and describes the real causes of that reform, her aim and the results. The author pays much attention to activity of the leaders of political police – M. Khrushchov and S. Sheshkovskii.

Peter the Third, Catherine the Second, M. Khrushchov, S. Sheshkovskii, Secret chancellery, Secret office, secret political police, reform  

Recollecting the Twentieth Century

T. Arkhipova Nikolai P. Eroshkin – person and scientist, who formed my way

Tatiana G. Arkhipova – doctor of History, professor, the Head of the Department of History of state and public-service institutions of Institute for History and Archives of RSUH
archipova-iai@mail.ru

The article contains the memories about professor N. Eroshkin, the head of Department of History of state and public-service institutions of Institute for History and Archives.

N. Eroshkin, A. Stepanskii, T. Korzhikhina, S. Strekopytov, Moscow State Institute for History and Archives, Department of History of state and public-service institutions

Book Reviews

E. Naumov Shroud, a potion, and a honey trap as historical case (about new book of Lyudmila Tajmasova)

Evgenie Ju. Naumov – candidate of History, senior lecturer of the Department of Modern  history of Russia of Institute for History and Archives of RSUH
evgn@list.ru

In the review in a context of modern sociocultural  and historiography situation the new monograph of Russian historian L. Tajmasova “The Potion for a sovereign: English espionage in Russia XVI centuries” (oscow, 2010) is considered. On the basis of use of new scientific approaches to the analysis of sources the author realizes model of history-writing, allowing to give a concrete, multidimensional and dynamical picture of the European international relations of second half XIV – first half XVII cc., to show variety of interconnections of  internal and foreign policy of Russia of that time.

Russia, England, I. Grozny, diplomacy, espionage, political communications, potion

L. Serkowskaya "Prague's archive" and contemporary literature about Russian emigration

Lubov’ V. Serkowskaya – director of the Voskresensky's branch of RGGU
director07@mail.ru

In the review in the context of contemporary historiography situation, with the contributions on the history of Russian foreign archives in Prague, analyzes the monograph of S. Ippolitov “Russian expatriates in Europe: a failed alliance” (Moscow, 2004). It is noted that in the book, written on a wide range of Russian and foreign sources, provides innovative on the content of a comprehensive analysis of social, cultural, political, economic and psychological aspects of activity of representatives of the Russian emigration.

Russian emigration, Europe, Civil War, the White movement, RZIA

M. Grishun’kina “The Present without the Past – it is the Present without the Future”

Marina G. Grishun’kina – candidate of History, director of the College for the Humanities of RGGU
gumcollege@rggu.ru

In the review in the framework of modern theory and practice of studying Russian emigration analyzed monograph of M. Panova “Russian in Tunisia: The fate of emigration of “first wave””(Moscow, 2008). It is noted that the monograph of the contemporary Russian scholar distinguishes the richness and variety of sources, including unique documents it had identified in the personal archives of emigrants during her many years of work in Tunisia. Show that the author of the monograph was bright with enthusiasm while at a high scientific level, analyzed the history of Russian emigration in Tunisia as a complex process, influenced both the Russian culture and the culture of Tunisia.

Russian emigration, the Russian squadron, military emigration, Tunis, Bizerte, A. Manshtein-Shirinskaya

N. Kulinich Harassing Borders Closeness: Past, Present, and Future of Chinese Diaspora in Russia.

Natalia G. Kulinich – candidate of History, senior lecturer of the Department of Philosophy and Culture of Pacific State University (Khabarovsk)
kulinich_n_g@mail.ru

The review analyzes the book of A. Larin “Chinese immigrants in Russia: History and Today” (Moscow, 2009) in the context of discussion perspectives and risks for Russia from Chinese immigration. The book, covering one and a half century of Chinese diaspora existing in Russia, presents high science interest, since it allows to discover positive and negative consequences of massive Chinese immigration and fairly estimate the reality degree of Chinese “demographic expansion” threat.

Far East, Chinese immigration, Chinese diaspora, “demographic expansion”

 

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