CONTENTS, AUTHORS, SUMMARIES
M. Melnikov Destiny of gold rouble: Disputes between supporters and opponents
of currency reform of S.Vitte (1895–1897)
Maksim V. Melnikov – doctor of History, professor of the Department of Humanitarian Sciences of Kovrovsky state technological academy of V.A. Degtyaryov
This article deals with the main stages of public discussion on the problem of monetary system reform in Russia. Attention is paid to the opinions of supporters and opponents of “Golden Rouble”: scientists, economists, public figures. The Department of Treasury and S. Vitte played a great role in this process. With the help of its representatives in public disputes the financial department tried to turn the discussion of monetary system reform to the necessary direction and enlist the support of public opinion in the intergovernmental struggle about the reform.
Rouble, state finances, gold monometallism, S.Vitte, Ministry of Finance, currency reform
M. Chudakova The secret agents of Department of Police (1907–1917)
Marina S. Chudakova – candidate of History, senior lecturer of the Department of History and Philosophy of Yaroslavl State Medical Academy
The author analyses on the basis of archival documents the formation and activity of confidential agents of the central and local establishments of secret police of Russian empire within last decade its existence are examined. It is shown, that presence of different types of confidential agents allowed them more or less successfully to resist to revolutionary and oppositional movement in Russia. It is shown, how contradictions between the general police and political investigation reduced efficiency of its work.
Department of Police, provincial gendarme management, security branch, confidential agents, external supervision
A. Kostrov Soviet power and Old Believers of Baikal Siberia in 1920s
Alexandr V. Kostrov – candidate of History, senior lecturer of the Department of Contemporary Russian history of Irkutsk state university
The author is considering the problem of relations of Soviet power and Old Believers of Baikal Siberia in the 1920s. A special attention is paying to the conflict, which was because of refuse of Old Believe to register their communities in the local authorities. The author is discovering causes and results of this opposition.
Baikal Siberia, Old Believers, Old Believers’ communities, «semeyskie», antireligious policy
N. Kulinich “Free love” and soviet marriage: Family relations in cities
of Far East (1920–1930s)
Natalia G. Kulinich – candidate of History, senior lecturer of the Department of Philosophy and Culture of Pacific State University (Khabarovsk)
In this article the main changes in system of family-marriage relations of townsmen in 1920–1930s are examined. The main conclusion is that replacement of church marriage by civil and declaration of “freedom of love” lead to shattering of family, growth of amount of divorces, and to shortening average duration of marriage. In Far Eastern conditions this process was fasten by such factors as heightened social mobility of inhabitants, isolation from relatives and impossibility to rely on their support, numerical disproportions between sexes, hard living conditions.
Soviet Far East, patriarchal family, civil marriage, “free love”, divorce
S. Sadovnikov An unknown soldier – the most famous soldier of the World War II
Sergei I. Sadovnikov – candidate of History, senior research fellow of Research institute of development of professional education
The article is based on the material of long practical findings obtained by the author and aimed to trace back the names and the war destinies of the officers and soldiers of Red Army missing in action during the Great Patriotic War of 1941–1945. The researcher explains the meaning of the notion “missing in action” and examines the reasons of widespread “missing” and appearing numerous nameless graves of servicemen on the territory of the USSR and European countries in 1941–1945.
The Great Patriotic War of 1941–1945, «missing in action», «the dog-tag» of soldiers, the certificate of Red Army soldiers, remains of soldiers killed in the World War II, identification, Searching Movement
V. Hohlov The Great patriotic war in the Contemporary Russian Cinema: to be continued in the fantasy-future
Victor A. Hohlov – candidate of History, senior lecturer of the Department of Contemporary history of Russia of Institute for History and Archives of RSUH
In the article author analyses the Image of the Great Patriotic War of 1941–1945 that was presented in the Contemporary Russian Cinema : “Bastards” (2005), “The first after God”, “We Are from the Future” (2008, 2010), “The first squad” (2009). He formulates an idea of “fantastic discourse” of the war and its influence over historical memory of modern Russian society.
The Great Patriotic War of 1941–1945, war cinema, movie discourse, historical memory
A. Borodkin The Marvelous monk Capito
Alexander V. Borodkin – candidate of History, senior lecturer of the Department of Humanitarian Sciences and Socio-Economic disciplines of the Yaroslavl branch of the RSUH
The article describes the activities of one of the leaders of the early Old Believers monk Capito, who had taken a long time regarded as the ancestor of suicide among the Old Believers. Author examines the creation of monk Capito the new desert communities and the formation of “church rebels”, versions of his death, his contribution to the development of the movement of Old Believers.
Capito, Old Believers, hermitage, self-destruction, inquisition, strelets
H. Bulyulina Everyday life of Criminal Investigation Department in Tsaritsyn
Province (the first part of 1920s)
Helen V.Bulyulina – candidate of History, senior lecturer of the Department of Documentation Science and Business Communication of Volgograd State University
The article presents the history of forming and activity of Tsarytsyn criminal investigation department on the basis archival documents in the first part of 1920s. Historical conditions of the criminal investigation departments’ practice and characteristics of agents are discussed; some examples of the most important revealed cases are presented also.
Tsarytsyn, Tsaritsyn Province, new economic policy, criminality, worker’s and peasant militia, criminal investigation department, agent of criminal investigation department
The Anti-Bolshevik Russia
G. Ioffe (Canada) The Revolutionary: Life and death of Boris Savinkov
Genrikh Z. Ioffe – doctor of History, the associate editor of “Novyi Zhurnal” (New York)
The new work of the famous historian covers the life of legendary Russian revolutionary Boris Savinkov, his political views, his role in organization of socialist-revolutionary party’s terror against Russian autocracy, his participation in constructing of democratic Russia in 1917, his struggle against Bolshevik regime during the Civil War in Russia and in emigration period, the Case Syndicate-2. The author deals with the mystery of Savinkov's death in GPU prison on Lubianka.
B. Savinkov, S.Pavlovsky, A.Fedorov, GPU, Syndicate-2
N.Antonenko N.D. Talberg and his “desired monarchy” in Russia
Natalia V. Antonenko – candidate of History, the senior lecturer, head of State and Municipal management department of the Michurinsk State Agrarian University
Life and activity of a Russian jurist and emigrant publicist Nicolai D. Tal’berg has been described in the article. Much attention has been paid to his speculations about causes of the down fall of Russian Empire and perspectives of the revival of the Orthodox autocracy in Russia, his original system of state management in Russia.
N. Talberg, Russian monarchy, State Duma, Provisional Government, Anti-Bolshevist emigration, neomonarchism, state management
Landmarks in Human History
L. Taimasova Prince Vladimir Staritskii: One Step to the Throne
Liudmila J. Taimasova – the fellow-applicant of the General History department of Tver State University, intern of the European Division of the Library of Congress (USA), writer
The article observes an evolution of interactions between Ivan the Terrible and his cousin Prince Staritskii. On the base of the detailed study of the chronicles and juridical documents the author offers a new hypothesis that the clan of Staritskii intended to acquire not the throne, but the privileges for Dimitrov principality, which by convention went to the direct heirs to the throne.
Clan of Staritskii, Vladimir Staritskii, Ivan the Terrible, Sylvester, Dimitrov principality, testament
Recollecting the Twentieth Century
T. Arkhipova Remembering Tatiana Mikhailovna Smirnova
Tatiana G. Arkhipova – doctor of History, professor, the Head of the Department of History of state and public-service institutions of Institute for History and Archives of RSUH
The article contains the memories about the life and science activity of Tatiana M. Smirnova, the professor of the Department of History of state and public-service institutions of Institute for History and Archives, who was one the disciple of professor Nikolai P.Eroschkin.
T. Smirnova, N. Eroschkin, A. Stepanskii, T. Korzhikhina, Moscow State Institute for History and Archives, Department of History of state and public-service institutions
S. Karpenko One more retelling of Vrangel's “Notes”, added, but not corrected
Sergei V. Karpenko – candidate of History, senior lecturer of the Department of Contemporary history of Russia of Institute for History and Archives of RSUH
The author, basing on the contemporary historiography of White Movement, analyses the new book by Boris V. Sokolov “Vrangel” (M., 2009). On the focus are the problems of sources, science approaches, author's position as an example of contemporary biography literature, devoted to the leaders of White Movement. There are some estimations of unusual merits and usual unmerits of the book.
P.Vrangel, A. Denikin, Ya. Slashchov, World War I, Russian Civil War, White Movement, Russian emigration, officers, memoirs