K. Mazin “Window to Europe” and Genesis of Russian “Academic Expatriate
Konstantin A. Mazin – candidate of History, senior lecturer of the Department of social sciences of Institute of tourism and hospitality of Russian state university of tourism and service
The article is the first in historiography to look on the genesis of the Russian “academic expatriate community” in the period of Peter the Great, the time when implementing reforms led to the compelling need in European educated domestic specialists for wide-ranging spheres of state service. The author dwells on various ways of sending Russian youths mostly from aristocracy to Europe, their lives and studies conditions, routine and morals, academic results. The article tells the reader about some stories of their non-return to their motherland.
Peter I, reforms, education, “Academic expatriate community”
À. Simonov A Rebellion of the Troops of Nikolaevskaya Division at the Eastern
Front (January 1919)
Anatoly À. Simonov – candidate of History, senior lecturer of the Department of Russian Contemporary history at the Institute of History and International Relations of Saratov State University
The articles focused on the tragic events in the History of Red Army – rebel movement in the Nikolaevskaya division on January 1919. Using previously unknown archival documents, the author describes the reasons of the rebellion among the Red Army soldiers. Author examines the sources of the movement, such as “Guerrilla spirit”, heterogeneous social environment in the country of Volga Region, “independent” character of waging the Civil War in the isolated districts of Easter Front at Saratov Trans-Volga Regions as well as propaganda activity of the representatives of Socialist Revolutionary Party.
Civil War, Eastern Front, Saratov Region, Samara Region, Novouzensk County, Nikolaevskaya Infantry Division, Guerrilla, Socialist-Revolutionary Party
M. Melnichenko Lenin and Trotsky in the Soviet political jokes of 1920th
Michael A. Melnichenko – post-graduate student of Source History Department of the State Academic University of Humanities (Moscow)
Article investigates the reflection of public perceptions about V. Lenin and L. Trotsky in soviet political jokes of 1920th. It’s based on jokes from the diaries of contemporaries and collections of jokes, published in Russian emigration. Author reveals the main features of the images of the Bolshevik leaders in the folk tradition, their evolution and the relationship of these changes with historical process.
V. Lenin, L. Trotsky, political attitudes, political jokes, Soviet folklore, the public mood
O. Erohina Germany agricultural concession “Manych” in Soviet Russia (1922–
Olga V. Erohina – candidate of History, senior lecturer of the department of history and theory of social development of Urjupinsk branch of Volgograd state university
The article examines the experience of Germany agricultural concessions “Manych”, which existed in the Don region from 1922 to 1934. On the basis of previously unknown archival documents the article describes the economic and political conditions in which it worked, the attitude of the Soviet government and local authorities to concession companies, the reasons for which the concession “Manych” ceased to exist
Concession, joint-stock company, investment, State concession committee, People's commissariat of agriculture
S. Bogdanov Soviet Speculation in 1945–1953s: Reasons, Scales, Peculiarities
Sergei V. Bogdanov – candidate of History, senior lecturer of department of philosophy of Gubkin institute (Belgorod’s branch) of Moscow State Open University.
The article is devoted to speculation as one of the most widespread economic crimes in the USSR during the first post-war years. The author draws the reader’s attention to the main reasons for stable speculation in the Soviet society in the different periods of Soviet history, its peculiarities in 1945–1953s, dynamics, speculators social composition as well as Soviet punitive measures against speculation and the degree of their efficiency.
Soviet economy, commodity shortage, public trading, card system, speculation, embezzlement, economic crime
N.Eregina Stalin ideological campaigns and Higher medical school
Natalia T. Eregina – candidate of History, the senior lecturer, head of history and philosophy department of the Yaroslavl state medical academy
The article is devoted to the post war history of the Soviet Higher medical school. The author describes Stalin ideological campaigns of 1946–1953. The author reveals their its damage influence of educational processes and staff policy, research and practical activity of the higher medical institutions on the wide basis of archive documents.
Medical education, Stalinism, cosmopolitism, session of Lenin Academy of Agricultural Sciences of the USSR, Scientific session on the Physiological Teaching of Academician Pavlov, “case of doctors”
A. Samarin Northern rivers transfer projects: scientific of Komi republic against
Aleksei V. Samarin – candidate of History, research fellow of the Department «Scientific Archive and the Encyclopaedia» of the Komi Science Centre of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences
In the article, on the basis previously unknown archival documents, working out of projects of a transfer of northern rivers in to the pool of the Caspian sea in 1950–1980’s, the activity of scientists ofthe Komi Branch of the Academy of Sciences, aimed at reduction of negative consequences of transfer, and then – at the complete termination of realization of this project. It is shown, that scientific conscientiousness and adherence to principles of the scientists into Komi republic has helped to rescue Russia from an ecological tragedy.
Komi Republic, Komi branch Academy of Sciences of the USSR, transfer of northern rivers, “Hydroproject”, ecology, environment protection
V. Borisov «To stop using obscene language»: visions in Verkhoturskii uezd, 1688
Victor E. Borisov – postgraduate student of the Department of Russian Medieval and Early Modern History of Institute for History and Archives of RSUH
The article investigates the outburst of visions of Virgin Mary that took place in Verkhoturskii uezd in 1688 and contained a strong requirement to stop using obscene language. It is argued, that these visions were not a trick of the local officials in order to get opportunity to fine the peasants for using obscene language (as it was considered before). It is more likely that simultaneity and similarity of the visions is a result of spreading epistles by Paul, metropolitan of Tobolsk.
Visions, popular culture, Russian Orthodox Church, obscene language (Russian mat)
M. Kail’ Administering the Smolensk Diocese During the Civil War
Maxim V. Kail’ – post-graduate student of the Department of Russian History, Smolensk State University
The article considers peculiarities of administering of the Smolensk diocese and those of diocesan life in the period of the Civil war. The article demonstrates interrelations of the diocesan administration with the bodies of Soviet power, material and other every-day conditions of its work, as well financial aspects, relations with the Synod and the Patriarch. Attention is also paid to the repressive policy of the Smolensk authorities against the Russian Orthodox Church.
Smolensk province, Smolensk diocese, Smolensk diocesan council, Russian Orthodox Church
M. Svidzinskaya Great Russian orchestra of the prisoners of Moscow Taganskaya
Maria S. Svidzinskaya – post-graduate student of the Department of Russian Modern history of Institute for History and Archives of RSUH
For the first time in a historiography the article, based on archive documents, takes up a history of the Great Russian orchestra, organized in the Moscow Taganskaya prison by its prisoners – prince A. Chagadaev, a former assistant of “the reformer of Russian balalaika” V. Andreev, and S. Soukhotin, one of the murderers of the monk G. Raspoutin. For the first time author opens the reasons and circumstances of the foundation of the orchestra, analyzes its membership, tells about the fates of many musicians of the orchestra, prisoners of the Moscow Taganskaya prison.
S. Soukhotin, A. Chagadaev, Civil war, People’s Commisariat of Justice, Taganskaya prison, Great Russian orchestra
The Anti-Bolshevik Russia
G. Ioffe (Canada) The Revolutionary: Life and death of Boris Savinkov
Genrikh Z. Ioffe – doctor of History, the associate editor of “Novyi Zhurnal” (New York)
The new work of the famous historian covers the life of legendary Russian revolutionary Boris Savinkov, his political views, his role in organization of socialist-revolutionary party’s terror against Russian autocracy, his participation in constructing of democratic Russia in 1917, his struggle against Bolshevik regime during the Civil War in Russia and in emigration period.
B. Savinkov, Ju. Pilsudskii, Russian political committee, Peoples’ Union for Defense of Motherland and Freedom
Landmarks in Human History
À. Simonov, À. Simonov, S.Karpenko Jacob Limansky’s Case
Aleksandr I. Simonov – the member of Journalist’s Union of Russia
Anatoly À. Simonov – candidate of History, senior lecturer of the department of Russian Contemporary history at the Institute of History and International Relations of Saratov State University
Sergei V. Karpenko – candidate of History, senior lecturer of the department of Contemporary history of Russia of Institute for History and Archives of RSUH
The article is devoted to the fate of Jacob T. Limansky. While being the the director of Balashov’s agriculture reformatory No 1 he was blamed in conspiracy, sabotage and arrested by NKVD. In spite of that Jacob Limansky could not only keep his own life, but save his colleagues.
Jacob T. Limansky, the Autonomous German Republic of Volga Region, Saratov, Engels, Balashov, NKVD USSR, agriculture reformatory, Great Purge
G. Lanskoy New research of economic policy of Russian power structures in the beginning of XX c.
Grigori N. Lanskoi – candidate of History, senior lecturer of the department of audiovisual documents and archives of Institute for History and Archives of RSUH
The article in the context of contemporary practice of research of economic policy of Russian power structures in the beginning of XX century analyses the monograph of M.K. Shatsillo “Russian bourgeoisie in the period of Civil war and the first years of emigration, 1917 – beginning of the 1920th years” (Moscow, 2008). On the base of large volume of domestic and foreign sources in the book there is original complex analysis of organizational, political and economical aspects of activity of the representatives of Russian bourgeoisie in the first years after the October revolution.
Russian bourgeoisie, entrepreneurship, Civil War, White movement, emigration