2009
2(20)

EDITORIAL BOARD
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CONTENTS, AUTHORS, SUMMARIES

Articles

G. Lanskoy Economic history of Russia in the beginning of the XX c. as a problem of Soviet and post-Soviet historiography

Grigori N. Lanskoi candidate of History, senior lecturer of the department of Audiovisual documents and archives of Institute for History and Archives RSUH
gri_lanskoi@list.ru

The article is devoted to the interpretation by professional soviet and post-soviet historians of economic history of Russia at the beginning of XX c. The author analyses the methodological base of historiography and the influence of it on the research of causes of October revolution of 1917 and support of communist ideology.

Economic history, historiography, history science, October revolution

S. Kazakovtsev Viatka province during 19141917: the war, authorities, and people

Sergei V. Kazakovtsev candidate of History, senior lecturer of the department of Russian history of Viatka State University
srg-vk@mail.ru

The article is focused on such questions as: World War I influence on the public life of Viatka province, action of the provincial authorities for order preservation, relations between different nations in region. Also the wartimes social and economic problems of Viatka province, the attempts of public authorities to control the foodstuff prices , mobilization actions are presented.

World War I, Viatka province, local self-government, prohibition, inflation, prisoners of war

N. Kulinich Far Eastern Cities in 19201930s: Vestiges of the Past" in life of local population

Natalia G. Kulinich candidate of History, senior lecturer of the department of Philosophy and culture of Pacific State University (Khabarovsk)
kulinich_n_g@ mail.ru

The author considers the most common forms of negative behavior of Soviet Far Eastern urban population: drunkenness, drug addiction, prostitution, and suicide. New authority considered them as vestiges of the past and tried to fight against them. However soviet reality not only didnt destroy the reasons causing the negative behavior, but also created new ones. In Far Eastern conditions the situation got worse by lag in social and culture sphere from growth rate of urban population. Majority of arrivals from central regions felt themselves as temporary residents and experienced deep disappointment, induced by conflict between expectations and reality.

The Soviet Far East, vestiges of the past, drunkenness, drug addiction, prostitution, suicide

O. Zalesskaja The Chinese collective farms on the Soviet Far East in 1930s

Olga V. Zalesskaia candidate of History, senior lecturer, the head of the department of China studies of Blagovescshensk State Pedagogical University
olgazalesskaya@gmail.com

The article is devoted to insufficiently studied page in a history of collectivization association the Chinese migrants on the Soviet Far East into collective farms. Involving of the Chinese workers into collective farms, under the view of the saved up experience of good-neighborhood coexistence with Russian population, was one of the directions of the Chinese migrants integration into a social and economic life of the Soviet Far East, and also was the aspect of civil interactions of two countries people Russia and China.

The Soviet Far East, Chinese migrants, collectivization, the Chinese collective farms, Chinese collective farmers

A. Osmaev Chechen republic in 19992000: the war and the politics

Abbaz D. Osmaev candidate of History, senior research fellow of General Research and Development Institute of Russian Academy of Science (Groznyi)
osmaev@mail.ru

The article gives consideration to military and political events of 19992000 in the Chechen Republic and around it, contradictions in political and military forces in ChRI, political crisis in the Russian Federation, which have caused the beginning of hostilities. Both attempts of political settlement and a course of hostilities are analyzed.

B. Yeltsin, V. Putin, A. Maskhadov, Chechen Republic, Dagestan, antiterrorist operations

Comments

A. Kubasov Concentration camps in the Northern Russia during the Civil war

Aleksandr L. Kubasov candidate of Law science, chief of the FSB department on Vologda region
KUBASOV86@mail.ru

In the article the history of creation of concentration camps in 19181919 in the northern provinces of Russia is considered. On the basis of archival materials the author has shown, that both, Bolsheviks and anti-Bolsheviks, used prisons and concentration camps for isolation of political opponents, subjected to their excessive burdens and deprivations. In 19201921 in the Soviet concentration camps extrajudicial executions of the captured White Army officers were made.

The Cheka, extrajudicial repressions, concentration camps, the White counterespionage

The Anti-Bolshevik Russia

G. Ioffe (Canada) The Revolutionary: Life and death of Boris Savinkov

Genrikh Z. Ioffe doctor of History, the associate editor of Novyi Zhurnal (New York)
ioffe@videotron.ca

The new work of the famous historian covers the life of legendary Russian revolutionary Boris Savinkov, his political views, his role in organization of socialist-revolutionary partys terror against Russian autocracy, his participation in constructing of democratic Russia in 1917, his struggle against Bolshevik regime.

B. Savinkov, A. Kerenskii, L. Kornilov, the October Revolt , the Volunteer army, Yaroslavl rebellion

S. Karpenko Sedition in Cuban Cossack region: economy and politics (1919)

Sergei V. Karpenko candidate of History, senior lecturer of the department of Contemporary history of Russia of Institute for History and Archives RSUH
skarpenk@mtu-net.ru

The article deals with the problem of origin and causes of the conflict between local Cossacks authorities of Cuban region and High Command of Armed forces of South Russia in 1919. The author considers that the conflict was caused, first of all, by local authorities aspirations to avoid the economic disaster of Cuban region as a result of struggle with Bolsheviks.

. Denikin, P. Vrangel, Cuban Cossacks armed forces, Cuban Cossack region, economic policy, military logistics

Ju. Kalugin The fifth volume of Quite stream of the Don

Juriy G. Kalugin film director, member of Union of Cinematographers and journalist, senior lecturer of S.-Petersburg Cinema and TV University
tat66360700@yandex.ru

The essay is devoted to the tragic fate of Don Cossack Kh.V. Ermakov, who was the prototype of Grigori Melekhov, the main hero of M. Sholokhov novel Quite stream of the Don, and who was sentenced to death by OGPU in 1927 because of taking part in anti-bolshevik struggle in Don region.

The Civil War, Don Region, Cossacks, anti-bolsheviks movement, Veshenki Revolt, M. Sholokhov, novel Quite stream of the Don

Landmarks in Human History

V. Kulakov The Georgian tsar Vakhtang VI in Astrakhan: pages of history of secret diplomacy of Russia (first third XVIII c.)

Vladimir O. Kulakov post-graduate student of chair History of Russia, the assistant to branch of East languages of Astrakhan State University
jahondor1983@yandex.ru

Article is devoted to the little-known facts from a life of Georgian tsar Vakhtang VI and its activity on service of the Russian state within the limits of development of the Russian-Persian political contacts. The main accent becomes on that period of his life when he lived together with a family in Russia and in, particulars in Astrakhan, whence went to Persia with secret diplomatic commissions of an imperial court yard twice. On the basis of the analysis of the various facts of its stay in Astrakhan it is proved, how much its activity was important for Russia at that time.

Vakhtang VI, Peter I, Astrakhan, diplomacy, the Persian campaign

A. Pashkov S. Priklonsky: from Tsarist official to narodnik political journalist

Alexandr M. Pashkov candidate of History, senior lecturer, head of the Department of the pre-1917 Russian History of Petrozavodsk State University
pashkov@psu.karelia.ru

The article is devoted to the life and activity of Russian populist (Narodnik), journalist and researcher of Russian Karelia Sergei Priklonsky (18461886). He graduated from the Departmernt of Law, University of Moscow, and lived in Petrozavodsk in 18701879, where he was the Head of the Governors office. In May, 1879, Priklonsky was forced to retire because of his contacts with political exiles and departed to Moscow. There he contributed to liberal and populist periodicals and published some books and articles devoted the history and the present of Russian Karelia.

S.A. Priklonsky, Olonets province, internal exile, Russian populism (Narodnik movement), political journalism

I. Revin The Mogilevsky: Genealogy of the Peasant Family and History of the Tikhii Don

Ivan A. Revin candidate of History, senior lecturer of the
department of Theory of state and law and Russian history of South-Russian State Technical University (Novocherkassk)
ivarev@mail.ru

Dealing with genealogy data of Don native peasant family (the Mogilevsky) the article considers the problems of social and economical progress of Don Host region in the second half of XVIIIbeginning of XX cc.: genesis of serfdom and serf peasants escapes, landlords image in the mind of peasants, settlement of family conflicts. Special attention is granted to description of Russian prisoners of war conditions in Germany during the World War I and attitude of soldiers natives of peasantry to the revolution and started ivil war.

Don Host, colonization, peasantry, serfdom, estate differentiation, World War I, Russian prisoners of war in Germany, Civil war in Russia

Book Reviews

V. Zhuravleva What is Hindering a Better Understanding of Russia in the United States: Thinking about the Book of an American Historian

Victoria I. Zhuravleva candidate of History, senior lecturer of the department of international policy and relations RSUH
zhuravlevavic@mail.ru

This article is devoted to the reflection on David Foglesongs book The American Mission and the Evil Empire: The Crusade for a Free Russia since 1881 (Cambridge, 2007). The book dwells on the American attempts, beginning in the 1880s and up till now, to export their own symbols of political and religious beliefs, technological innovations, economic theories, and mass culture products as part of their peculiar crusade to regenerate the Russian Empire, the Soviet Union, and post-Soviet Russia. Foglesong focuses on the new messianic idea which is linked with the way Russias modernization prospects are viewed in the US and demonstrates how the Russian Other serves to revitalize the American nationalism.

Russian-American relations, U.S. foreign policy, American identity

D. Nikolaev Craid V. Georgi Ivanov. Moscow, 2007.

Dmitri D. Nikolaev doctor of Philology, senior research fellow of the department of contemporary Russian and Russian emigres literature of the Institute of world literature of Russian academy of science
ddnikolaev@mail.ru

N. Kuznetsov, B. Solomonov Shirokorad A. Great River War, 19181920.

Nikita A. Kuznetsov senior research fellow of the military history branch of the Russian emigres history department of the House of Russian emigres named after A. Solzhenitsyn
nikita-k1978@yandex.ru

Boris V. Solomonov editor of Modelist-Constructor magazine
flot-master@mail.ru

I. Belokon Pivovar E. Russian emigres: Social-historic phenomenon, role and meaning in cultural-historic heritage. oscow, 2008.

Ivan A. Belokon candidate of History, senior lecturer of the department of Contemporary history of Russia of Institute for History and Archives RSUH
shkapa@rggu.ru

I. Belokon Kuznetsov N. Russian Navy in strange land. Moscow, 2009.

 

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