G. Lanskoy Economic history of Russia in the beginning of the XX c.
as a problem of Soviet and post-Soviet historiography
Grigori N. Lanskoi — candidate of History, senior lecturer of the department of Audiovisual documents and archives of Institute for History and Archives RSUH
The article is devoted to the interpretation by professional soviet and post-soviet historians of economic history of Russia at the beginning of XX c. The author analyses the methodological base of historiography and the influence of it on the research of causes of October revolution of 1917 and support of communist ideology.
Economic history, historiography, history science, October revolution
S. Kazakovtsev Viatka province during 1914—1917: the war, authorities,
Sergei V. Kazakovtsev — candidate of History, senior lecturer of the department of Russian history of Viatka State University
The article is focused on such questions as: World War I influence on the public life of Viatka province, action of the provincial authorities for order preservation, relations between different nations in region. Also the wartime’s social and economic problems of Viatka province, the attempts of public authorities to control the foodstuff prices , mobilization actions are presented.
World War I, Viatka province, local self-government, prohibition, inflation, prisoners of war
N. Kulinich Far Eastern Cities in 1920—1930’s: “Vestiges of the Past" in
life of local population
Natalia G. Kulinich — candidate of History, senior lecturer of the department of Philosophy and culture of Pacific State University (Khabarovsk)
The author considers the most common forms of negative behavior of Soviet Far Eastern urban population: drunkenness, drug addiction, prostitution, and suicide. New authority considered them as “vestiges of the past” and tried to fight against them. However soviet reality not only didn’t destroy the reasons causing the negative behavior, but also created new ones. In Far Eastern conditions the situation got worse by lag in social and culture sphere from growth rate of urban population. Majority of arrivals from central regions felt themselves as temporary residents and experienced deep disappointment, induced by conflict between expectations and reality.
The Soviet Far East, “vestiges of the past”, drunkenness, drug addiction, prostitution, suicide
O. Zalesskaja The Chinese collective farms on the Soviet Far East in
Olga V. Zalesskaia — candidate of History, senior lecturer, the head of the department of China studies of Blagovescshensk State Pedagogical University
The article is devoted to insufficiently studied page in a history of collectivization — association the Chinese migrants on the Soviet Far East into collective farms. Involving of the Chinese workers into collective farms, under the view of the saved up experience of good-neighborhood coexistence with Russian population, was one of the directions of the Chinese migrants’ integration into a social and economic life of the Soviet Far East, and also was the aspect of civil interactions of two countries’ people — Russia and China.
The Soviet Far East, Chinese migrants, collectivization, the Chinese collective farms, Chinese collective farmers
A. Osmaev Chechen republic in 1999—2000: the war and the politics
Abbaz D. Osmaev — candidate of History, senior research fellow of General Research and Development Institute of Russian Academy of Science (Groznyi)
The article gives consideration to military and political events of 1999—2000 in the Chechen Republic and around it, contradictions in political and military forces in ChRI, political crisis in the Russian Federation, which have caused the beginning of hostilities. Both attempts of political settlement and a course of hostilities are analyzed.
B. Yeltsin, V. Putin, A. Maskhadov, Chechen Republic, Dagestan, antiterrorist operations
A. Kubasov Concentration camps in the Northern Russia during the Civil
Aleksandr L. Kubasov — candidate of Law science, chief of the FSB department on Vologda region
In the article the history of creation of concentration camps in 1918—1919 in the northern provinces of Russia is considered. On the basis of archival materials the author has shown, that both, Bolsheviks and anti-Bolsheviks, used prisons and concentration camps for isolation of political opponents, subjected to their excessive burdens and deprivations. In 1920—1921 in the Soviet concentration camps extrajudicial executions of the captured White Army officers were made.
The Cheka, extrajudicial repressions, concentration camps, the White counterespionage
The Anti-Bolshevik Russia
G. Ioffe (Canada) The Revolutionary: Life and death of Boris Savinkov
Genrikh Z. Ioffe — doctor of History, the associate editor
of “Novyi Zhurnal” (New York)
The new work of the famous historian covers the life of legendary Russian revolutionary Boris Savinkov, his political views, his role in organization of socialist-revolutionary party’s terror against Russian autocracy, his participation in constructing of democratic Russia in 1917, his struggle against Bolshevik regime.
B. Savinkov, A. Kerenskii, L. Kornilov, the October Revolt , the Volunteer army, Yaroslavl rebellion
S. Karpenko “Sedition in Cuban Cossack region”: economy and politics (1919)
Sergei V. Karpenko — candidate of History, senior lecturer of the department of Contemporary history of Russia of Institute for History and Archives RSUH
The article deals with the problem of origin and causes of the conflict between local Cossacks’ authorities of Cuban region and High Command of Armed forces of South Russia in 1919. The author considers that the conflict was caused, first of all, by local authorities’ aspirations to avoid the economic disaster of Cuban region as a result of struggle with Bolsheviks.
À. Denikin, P. Vrangel, Cuban Cossacks’ armed forces, Cuban Cossack region, economic policy, military logistics
Ju. Kalugin The fifth volume of “Quite stream of the Don”
Juriy G. Kalugin — film director, member of Union of Cinematographers and journalist, senior lecturer of S.-Petersburg Cinema and TV University
The essay is devoted to the tragic fate of Don Cossack Kh.V. Ermakov, who was the prototype of Grigori Melekhov, the main hero of M. Sholokhov novel “Quite stream of the Don”, and who was sentenced to death by OGPU in 1927 because of taking part in anti-bolshevik struggle in Don region.
The Civil War, Don Region, Cossacks, anti-bolsheviks movement, Veshenki Revolt, M. Sholokhov, novel “Quite stream of the Don”
Landmarks in Human History
V. Kulakov The Georgian tsar Vakhtang VI in Astrakhan: pages of history of
secret diplomacy of Russia (first third XVIII c.)
Vladimir O. Kulakov — post-graduate student of chair History of Russia, the assistant to branch of East languages of Astrakhan State University
Article is devoted to the little-known facts from a life of Georgian tsar Vakhtang VI and its activity on service of the Russian state within the limits of development of the Russian-Persian political contacts. The main accent becomes on that period of his life when he lived together with a family in Russia and in, particulars in Astrakhan, whence went to Persia with secret diplomatic commissions of an imperial court yard twice. On the basis of the analysis of the various facts of its stay in Astrakhan it is proved, how much its activity was important for Russia at that time.
Vakhtang VI, Peter I, Astrakhan, diplomacy, the Persian campaign
A. Pashkov S. Priklonsky: from Tsarist official to narodnik political journalist
Alexandr M. Pashkov — candidate of History, senior lecturer, head of the Department of the pre-1917 Russian History of Petrozavodsk State University
The article is devoted to the life and activity of Russian populist (Narodnik), journalist and researcher of Russian Karelia Sergei Priklonsky (1846—1886). He graduated from the Departmernt of Law, University of Moscow, and lived in Petrozavodsk in 1870—1879, where he was the Head of the Governor’s office. In May, 1879, Priklonsky was forced to retire because of his contacts with political exiles and departed to Moscow. There he contributed to liberal and populist periodicals and published some books and articles devoted the history and the present of Russian Karelia.
S.A. Priklonsky, Olonets province, internal exile, Russian populism (Narodnik movement), political journalism
I. Revin The Mogilevsky: Genealogy of the Peasant Family and History of
the Tikhii Don
Ivan A. Revin — candidate of History, senior lecturer of the
department of Theory of state and law and Russian history of South-Russian State Technical University (Novocherkassk)
Dealing with genealogy data of Don native peasant family (the Mogilevsky) the article considers the problems of social and economical progress of Don Host region in the second half of XVIII—beginning of XX cc.: genesis of serfdom and serf peasants escapes, landlord’s image in the mind of peasants, settlement of family conflicts. Special attention is granted to description of Russian prisoners of war conditions in Germany during the World War I and attitude of soldiers — natives of peasantry — to the revolution and started Ñivil war.
Don Host, colonization, peasantry, serfdom, estate differentiation, World War I, Russian prisoners of war in Germany, Civil war in Russia
V. Zhuravleva What is Hindering a Better Understanding of Russia in the United
States: Thinking about the Book of an American Historian
Victoria I. Zhuravleva — candidate of History, senior lecturer of the department of international policy and relations RSUH
This article is devoted to the reflection on David Foglesong’s book “The American Mission and the “Evil Empire”: The Crusade for a “Free Russia” since 1881” (Cambridge, 2007). The book dwells on the American attempts, beginning in the 1880s and up till now, to export their own symbols of political and religious beliefs, technological innovations, economic theories, and mass culture products as part of their peculiar crusade to regenerate the Russian Empire, the Soviet Union, and post-Soviet Russia. Foglesong focuses on “the new messianic idea” which is linked with the way Russia’s modernization prospects are viewed in the US and demonstrates how the Russian Other serves to revitalize the American nationalism.
Russian-American relations, U.S. foreign policy, American identity
D. Nikolaev Craid V. Georgi Ivanov. Moscow, 2007.
Dmitri D. Nikolaev — doctor of Philology, senior research fellow of the department of contemporary Russian and Russian emigres literature of the Institute of world literature of Russian academy of science
N. Kuznetsov, B. Solomonov Shirokorad A. Great River War, 1918—1920.
Nikita A. Kuznetsov — senior research fellow of the military history branch of the Russian emigres history department of the House of Russian emigres named after A. Solzhenitsyn
Boris V. Solomonov — editor of “Modelist-Constructor” magazine
I. Belokon’ Pivovar E. Russian emigres: Social-historic phenomenon, role and meaning in cultural-historic heritage. Ìoscow, 2008.
Ivan A. Belokon’ — candidate of History, senior lecturer of the department of Contemporary history of Russia of Institute for History and Archives RSUH
I. Belokon’ Kuznetsov N. Russian Navy in strange land. Moscow, 2009.