A. Greshnykh The legend of King Janus in ancient narrative tradition
Anna N. Greshnykh — senior lecturer of the department of General history of Institute for History and Archives RSUH
The article is focused on the researching of authentic base of the legend of King Janus — one of the earliest and most worshiped roman God. The analysis of the tradition and archeological sources shows that the cult of Janus as the first king of the Latin has archaic features and its origin can be dated back to the early II ñ. BC and considered as “memory” of appearance of the earliest Italics in the Apennine peninsula.
Janus, culture hero, cult, early Latin
N. Borschik Kursk and its population in XVII c.
Natalia D. Borschik — candidate of History, senior lecturer of the department of State and municipal management of Kursk State University
The process of the settlement of Kursk Region which was one of the southern regions of Moscow State is revealed in the article. The attempt to find out the number of population and its composition in Kursk Region over the XVII c. has been made.
Kursk Region, Kursk, number of population, composition of population
I. Revin The Root of Cossack—peasant agrarian opposition in Don lands
Ivan A. Revin — candidate of History, senior lecturer of the department of Theory of State and Law & Domestic History of South-Russian State Technical University (Novocherkassk)
The article considers the causes of rising of the agrarian problem in Don Host Region, the processes of landed estates and peasant landholding formation. Ordinary Cossacks’ actions against seizing the ”yurt” (public) lands by chiefs, central government’s and the local authorities’ policy as regard the Cossack population in the pre-Reform period are also under investigation. Special place is spared for resettlement policy, peasant colonization of Don Lands, appearance of a great many hamlets.
Don Host, serfdom, Cossacks, peasantry, the agrarian problem, estate differentiation, ethnic dispersion
N. Martynenko Prostitution in Imperial Russia: from the interdiction to
Nadezhda K. Martynenko — candidate of History, senior lecturer of Volzhskii University named after V. Tatishchev (Toliatti Samara prov.)
In article it is considered historical preconditions of legalization of prostitution in Russia. In the conditions of prosecution of prostitution traditional for the Russian state the main reason of its “tolerance” in the middle of ÕIÕ c. was the control organization over it as over the basic culprit of distribution of venereal diseases. Fidelity of the authorities to a prohibitive course concerning debauchery was expressed in administrative, instead of in legislative character of bases regulations to legal prostitution.
Prostitution, regulation of prostitution, medical-police control
N. Rostislavleva Liberal D. Hansemann and his concept to the unity of Germany
Natalia V. Rostislavleva — candidate of History, senior lecturer of the department of General history of Institute for History and Archives RSUH
The article is focused on the concept of German unity of the prominent businessman D. Hansemann who in the 30’s—50’s of the XIX c. was as leader in the liberalism of the Rhine region in Prussia. In the context his biography the authoress is considered his criticism to the imperial constitution (1849) of Germany from a position of Prussia.
Unity of Germany, Prussia, the Rhine region, liberalism, the imperial constitution
T. Yudina Social and labor tensions at Soviet concession enterprises in
Taisiya V. Yudina — candidate of History, senior lecturer of the department of Russian history of Volgograd State University, pro-rector
The article is focused on social and labor tensions at Soviet concession enterprises in 1920’s, reasons, forms and ways of their resolution. The role of trade unions in solving labor tensions between foreign entrepreneurs and native workers is analyzed.
Concession, social and labor tensions, concession enterprises, trade unions, workers
O. Viazova The local authorities and the Chuvash cooperation in the years of New
Olga G. Viazova — candidate of History, senior lecturer working for Doctor’s of Archeology, ethnography and regional history department of Division for History of Chuvash State University named after I.N. Ulianov
The article considers the interaction of local authorities and the co-operation of Chuvashia in the years of New Economic Policy. In the period of New Economic Policy the approaches of co-operation, learning in the years of war communism, became apparent in the places that caused the duality of cooperative policy. The absence of succession during the realization of favorable for cooperation decisions made difficulties with co-operative work, prevented them from being financially strengthened, restrained the processes of co-operation of peasants and handicraftsmen.
Chuvashia, co-operation, New Economic Policy, co-operative policy, competition
G. Lanskoi The specifics of economic development of Russia in unpublished
heritage of M.N. Pokrovskiy
Grigori N. Lanskoi — candidate of History, senior lecturer of the department of Audiovisual documents and archives of Institute for History and Archives RSUH
The article is devoted to the content of views of M.N. Pokrovskiy on the economic development of Russia. In it on the base of archival sources were analyzed his views on the organization of economic policy, agriculture, industry and trade. Author makes the summary about the stability of the content of conception of Pokrovskiy concerned these questions.
M.N. Pokrovskiy, economic policy, economic development, Russia
Yu. Geraskin From history of Khrushchev’s approach to Russian Orthodox
Juriy V. Geraskin — candidate of History, senior lecturer of the department of Russian history of Ryazan State University
The article is focused on the most common forms the state policy of restriction of church incomes in Khrushchev's approach to religion. Despite financial and a tax burden the church economy has managed to stand thanks to support of believers.
Russian Orthodox Church, church economy, income, tax policy
Papers and Comments
A. Dunaeva Moscow province police at the beginning of the XIX c.: service
conditions and financial position
Anastasiya Yu. Dunaeva — post-graduate student of the department of Modern history of Russia of Institute for History and Archives RSUH
The article is dedicated to the service conditions in the Moscow police department at the beginning of XX c. — the salaries and material maintenance. The author stresses that the lacks of the maintenance and logistics of police have lowered efficiency of the struggle against revolutionary movement.
Moscow, police, salary, maintenance, logistics, revolutionary movement
The Anti-Bolshevik Russia
G. Ioffe (Canada) The Revolutionary: Life and death of Boris Savinkov
Genrikh Z. Ioffe — doctor of History, the associate editor
of “Novyi Zhurnal” (New York)
The new work of the famous historian covers the life of legendary Russian revolutionary Boris Savinkov, his political views, his role in organization of socialist-revolutionary party’s terror against Russian autocracy, his participation in constructing of democratic Russia in 1917, his struggle against Bolshevik regime.
B. Savinkov, socialist-revolutionary party, revolutionary terror
S. Karpenko “To take bribes now — means to sell Russia”: the state system and
bureaucracy of general Vrangel’s dictatorship
Sergei V. Karpenko — candidate of History, senior lecturer of the department of Contemporary history of Russia of Institute for History and Archives RSUH
The article is focused on the activity of the state system of general P.
Vrangel’s d ictatorship in 1920, causes laws of its decay and corruption, the
reasons of low effectiveness of its activity, its negative influence on reformation policy of P. Vrangel and A. Krivoshein’s government.
P. Vrangel, A. Krivoshein, White movement, bureaucracy, corruption
Ju. Kalugin The bloody Easter: the case of Cossack Senin
Juriy G. Kalugin — film director, member of Union of Cinematographers and journalist, senior lecturer of S.-Petersburg Cinema and TV University
The essay is devoted to the fate of Don Cossack A. Senin, who took part in assassination of the lieder of the Don Soviet Republic F. Podtelkov. A. Senin fought against bolshevism in Don region during the period of the Civil War in Russia and aftermath.
The Civil War, Don Region, Cossacks, anti-bolsheviks movement
A. Novikov V.M. Chernov and emigres of the Socialist Revolutionary Party
in the beginning of 1920s
Aleksandr P. Novikov — candidate of Philosophy, senior lecturer of the department of Sociology of Saratov State Technical University
The article deals with the formation and activities of Russian emigres of Socialist Revolutionary Party in the beginning 1920s, it analyzes the basic political trends, which were within their environment. The special attention is paid to the description of political and ideological activities of V.M. Chernov, the leader and theorist of the Socialist Revolutionary Party, who tried to unite socialist revolutionary emigres on the basis of the party platform adopted by IV Party Congress.
V.M. Chernov, the Socialist Revolutionary Party, anti-bolshevik emigration
P. Alipov Historian M.I. Rostovtsev: the emigre’s scientific success
Pavel A. Alipov — post-graduate student of the department of History and theory of historical science of Institute for History and Archives RSUH
The article is dedicated to the life and the works of the outstanding Russian historian of antiquity M.I. Rostovtsev. The object is his scientific activity before and after the emigration from Russia. The famous ideas formulated by him in the USA have their foundation in Russian period of his scientific biography.
M.I. Rostovtsev, ancient civilizations, investigations of the ancient history, theory of cycles, historiography myth
Landmarks in Human History
L. Taimasova “The Case of Bomelius”
Liudmila J. Taimasova — the fellow-applicant of the General History department of Tver State University, Intern of the European Division of the Library of Congress (USA), the writer
The article contains the result of independent study of biographical database of British physician E. Bomelius and two of his colleagues, R. Standish and R. Reynolds, who visited Russia between 1557 and 1575. Everyone had some problems with debt or law. No one had a license permitted practicing in England, or medical experience, but all of them had received excellent recommendations and played marked role at the Court of Ivan the Terrible.
E. Bomelius, Ivan the Terrible, Moscovy Company, Anglo-Russian relations, medicine
V. Teterin New stage in studying of government bodies of Mordovia in post-soviet
Vicktor V. Teterin — post-graduate student of the department of History of state and public organizations of Institute for History and Archives RSUH
The author gives the critical analysis of the monograph «On a threshold of reforms: the socio-political life of Mordovia in first half 1990th years» / by Konichenko Z.D., Jurchenkova V.A. (Saransk, 2006) in a context of a current historiography situation, considers the evolution of political system of Mordovia at the end of 1990’s and the beginning of 2000’s.
Mordovia, post-soviet Russia, sovereignty, government bodies, democratization